Diabetes is a long-lasting medical condition that affects how your body transforms food into energy. Most of the food you eat breaks down into a sugar named glucose before moving into your bloodstream. When the blood sugar goes up, it signals your pancreas beta cells to release a hormone called insulin. Insulin lets the blood sugar into your liver, fat, and skeletal muscle cells for use as energy. Insulin enhances glucose uptake and metabolism in the cells, therefore reducing blood sugar level.
Vega Tek Hub has provided this medical animation video presented on the attached YouTube link. Diabetes mellitus is a condition of high blood glucose level also called hyperglycemia, caused by decreased or absent insulin activity. Over time, that can lead to health problems such as plaque build-up inside your arteries, which in turn can cause conditions such as heart disease, stroke, nerve damage, vision loss, and kidney disease.
There are three types of the disease:
- Diabetes mellitus type 1 results from autoimmune reaction of patient’s immune system against the pancreatic beta cells so that insulin can no longer be made. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes often develop fast. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children, adolescent, and young adults.
- Diabetes mellitus type 2 is significantly more common and is not an autoimmune disease. Instead, it’s caused by accumulation of abnormal proteins such as amyloid in the pancreatic cells, disrupting their function. As a result, glucose accumulates in the blood.
- Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy in women who have never had diabetes. Gestational diabetes could put your baby at higher risk for health problems. Gestational diabetes typically goes away after the delivery, but it increases your risk for diabetes later in life.
In addition to your blood glucose, your doctor may check your hemoglobin A1c Level (HbA1c) to diagnose and monitor your blood sugar levels. HbA1c reflects your average blood sugar level for the past three months.
Treatment of diabetes includes medications that your doctor proscribes to control your blood sugar, physical activity, and regular exercise, consuming healthy food and drinks, weight loss, regular screening, and treatment for complications. Tobacco use cessation is also important to avoid complications.
A healthy lifestyle may help reduce your risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. Those measures include regular physical exercise, mental exercise/activity, a nutritious diet, limited alcohol consumption, and not smoking. Also controlling high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol may reduce risk for cognitive decline.
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